Knee osteoarthritis treatment – Knee osteoarthritis causes – How to cure knee osteoarthritis
The medical materials manufacturers are always proficient in the manufacture of artificial joints, as it continuously develops in terms of design, quality and composition.
There is no doubt that this aspect has positive points because it constitutes a good treatment and solution for many patients who have given up on non-surgical solutions in treating knee roughness, especially after the great development in joint replacement operations, which now take an hour for one joint, and the patient walks immediately afterwards.
But the fact is that there is a difference between the artificial joint t and the natural knee joint .
Therefore, we will discuss how to preserve our natural knee by explaining the prevention methods and available treatment methods that reduce the speed of the development of roughness so that we avoid painkillers and their effects and stay away as much as possible from the scalpe.
Perhaps the best definition for joint stiffness (Osteoarthritis) in general is:
( joint wear with age )
Therefore, roughness occurs with all people to the extent that we can call it a phenomenon and not a disease.
With age, the cartilage, which provides the flexible support between the bones of the joint, degenerates, disintegrates and damages the joint.
Over time, the chances of the bones of the joint coming into contact more with each movement, due to the thinning of the cartilage joint.
This friction may also cause pain, swelling, stiffness, and the appearance of bone spurs.
What differs from person to person is the speed at which roughness occurs.
We can see a person who has reached the age of seventy years and has a better joint than a young man of forty, for example ….. But Why ?!
The knee is the largest joint in the human body and the knee joint consists of two joints:
- A joint between the thigh and the leg.
- and a joint between the thigh bone and the septum.
Soft cartilage covers the surfaces of these bones that make up the joint to ensure ease of movement.
Causes of Rough Knee
- Heredity: where several studies have proven the presence of genetic factors that help in causing roughness.
- Excess Weight: this is an obvious matter and is one of the most important factors that lead to knee roughness. As the extra weight represents an overload on the surface of the joint cartilages. As this leads to an overload on specific parts of the joint.
- Deformity or bowing of the legs.
- Patient’s gender: women more than men.
- Knee Injuries: knee injuries such as fractures and cuts in ligaments or meniscus accelerate stiffness.
- Knee infections of all kinds: such as gout and rheumatism accelerate cartilage wear and stiffness in late cases.
- Joint tumors of various forms.
So there are factors that we can control such as weight, protect the knee from shocks, and treat various knee infections and diseases early.
There are factors that cannot be controlled, such as genetics, gender, and age.
Prevent or reduce the velocity of knee roughness ((Osteoarthritis))
- Maintain normal weight and avoid weight gain by changing lifestyle to healthy food and exercise such as walking and swimming.
- Treat infections and diseases of the joints in general and the knee in particular as soon as possible before the cartilage fragmentation and the acceleration of roughness.
- Avoid knee injuries and sprains as much as possible and avoid violent sports.
- Learn knee-strengthening exercises.
- Pathological story (listening to the patient and what he suffers).
- Clinical examination in the clinic.
- Standing radiograph.
But in case of roughness, what are the available treatments
The roughness has four degrees from light to severe … and each stage has a different treatment method.
As for the most important ways to treat knee roughness, they are as follows:
Non-surgical procedures for knee roughness:
Among the most important:
- Physical therapy and exercise: by performing specific exercises to tighten and strengthen the knee and the surrounding muscles. It is usually performed by a physical therapist or a specialist doctor.
- Weight reduction: because of its increase in the impact on the occurrence of knee roughness and the increase of the symptoms associated with it.
- Medical procedures and injections used to treat knee roughness.
- Use pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Taking medications consisting of glucosamine and chondroiton sulfite: these two substances are found naturally in the cartilages of the human body, and some studies have indicated an improvement in a number of knee roughness patients after taking these medications.
- Use of injections: They may include either a steroid compound that works to reduce swelling and thus eliminate joint stiffness and relieve pain.
- Hyalurinic acid injection, which is similar in structure to the synovial fluid found naturally in a joint.
- Stem cell injections, studies show improvement in patient symptoms after injection.
- Use of supportive devices and orthopedic devices: such as special shoes that relieve pressure on the knees.
Rather, it is used if the symptoms are severe, or if the previous methods did not benefit. It has several types, including:
- Arthroscopic joint cleaning.
- Implantation of artificial cartilage in place of normal cartilage wear.
- Knee joint replacement surgery, which has greatly improved in the recent period in terms of techniques and different types of joints.